There are two major frameworks for learning, teaching, and assessing foreign language skills: the U.S. defined scales of proficiency, i.e., the °Ä²ÊÍ¼¿â Proficiency Guidelines/ILR Skill Level Descriptions, and the Common European Framework of Reference for Language (CEFR). Both frameworks form the basis of major testing and certification systems. Despite the fact that both systems have co-existed for close to 15 years, there were few empirical studies to establish correspondences between them. The fact that there were no official correspondences led to an array of proposed alignments between the two systems. In order to address the challenges deriving from two major frameworks coexisting but not interacting with each other, °Ä²ÊÍ¼¿â launched the first of a series of four °Ä²ÊÍ¼¿â-CEFR Alignment Conferences in 2010. The goal of this series was to establish an empirically-based alignment between the °Ä²ÊÍ¼¿â Proficiency Guidelines and the CEFR and the tests based on those frameworks.
Assigning CEFR Ratings to °Ä²ÊÍ¼¿â Assessments
Based on the information and discussions from the °Ä²ÊÍ¼¿â-CEFR Conferences and resulting papers and journals, °Ä²ÊÍ¼¿â worked with an EU-based research group to develop an °Ä²ÊÍ¼¿â-CEFR crosswalk to be able to offer CEFR ratings for °Ä²ÊÍ¼¿â assessments. The findings from the extensive research and linking and validation studies, show that CEFR ratings can be assigned on °Ä²ÊÍ¼¿â assessments, in all languages. Studies also indicate that these are one-directional correspondences, that is to say, CEFR ratings can be assigned to °Ä²ÊÍ¼¿â tests, however, the reverse cannot be stated. To date, no CEFR-based test, or other international test not developed by °Ä²ÊÍ¼¿â, has been linked to the °Ä²ÊÍ¼¿â Framework.